Walnut on the plot
Walnut on the site is a specious and valuable plant that delights summer residents with rich harvests of wholesome fruits. This article will help you figure out how best to plant a seedling of this crop. In addition, you will learn how to take care of a young and adult tree, as well as get acquainted with the nuances of harvesting and storage of crops.
Where to plant a walnut and how to choose a place for it on the site
The place where you plan to plant a walnut, you need to choose quite carefully. Being a mountain culture, it is able to grow easily under fairly harsh climatic conditions. However, a tree can form a branchy and lush crown with regular exposure to sunlight and the absence of crowding.
Do not plant this nut in very swampy and densified areas. The best soil for planting is wet carbonate loam. At the same time, the level of subsurface water should be low.
Did you know? Soviet artillery general A. S. Sergeev in his memoirs reports that Stalin liked to enjoy jam from unripe walnuts. Delicacy brought the leader from Georgia.
Preparation before landing
Land at the site of future plantings should be well prepared and cultivated. The shallow fertile layer should either be replaced or enriched with additional nutrients. For this purpose, manure mixed with wood ash and superphosphate is introduced (400 g of ash and 200 g of superphosphate should fall on a manure bucket). Such a measure to improve the quality of the land is carried out at a depth of 80 cm in the pit itself. In the future, with favorable growth of the tree, the soil is replaced every year by the width of the branched part.
Did you know? In the Caucasus, walnut is revered as a sacred tree. There you can find trees over 400 years old.
Methods and process of planting seedlings
You can successfully plant a young walnut according to the following scheme:
- Dig a hole measuring 50 × 50 × 100 cm.
- Drive any thin wooden beam into the recess. It will serve as a support for the young tree.
- Fill the pit 70% with complex nutrients, compost or humus. Fertilizers must be mixed with the earth in a ratio of 1 to 2.
- At this point, proceed with planting the seedling. Make sure that the place where the roots pass into the stem rises above the soil surface by at least 7–8 cm.
- Compact a little, then moisten the soil. And carefully tie the tree to the support.
Walnut Care Tips
The culture in question does not require specific care.For example, for the formation of the crown there is no need for pruning, since the nut plant copes with this task on its own. However, every year you should resort to sanitary pruning, which consists in removing the growing inside the crown, damaged and dried branches. This procedure is carried out in the spring.
In the first year, the plant should be sheltered for the winter, using sedge or straw for this. Increasing the winter hardiness of an adult walnut tree contributes to the introduction of wood ash in the trunk circle. And with fallen leaves in the fall, you can insulate the rhizome of the plant.Watering a tree is important in the initial phase of development. Perform the procedure twice a month after the soil has dried. The plant also requires moisture during periods of drought. One plant accounts for 30 liters of water per 1 m².
Feeding is carried out twice a year. Nitrogen-based formulations are added in the spring season. And the culture needs potash and phosphorus fertilizers in the autumn months. A mature plant needs 6 kg of ammonium nitrate, 2.5 kg of potassium salt and about 5 kg of superphosphate.
Important! Nitrogen-based top dressing should be used with caution, as they can trigger the development of bacterial diseases. In the very first years of fruiting, it is better to completely abandon such fertilizers.
Harvesting and storage
The fruits will be ready for harvest at the moment when the green pericarp begins to crack. Immediately after harvesting, it is recommended that the crop be kept for about 5–7 days in the basement — softened and blackened pericarp will easily be peeled off the nuts. And so that your hands do not turn black during cleaning, wear rubber gloves.After the procedure, the fruits are washed in water and dried in the sun.
The most important condition for preserving this product in any form is to maintain a minimum moisture content. Shelf life depends on temperature conditions. At room temperature, it is equal to one year, and in the refrigerator compartment is extended for 4 years.
Inshell nuts are best kept suspended in nets. In this form, they will be provided with ventilation and protected from moisture and the accumulation of moisture. Glass, wooden or cardboard containers are perfect for storing peeled fruits. First, they should be thoroughly cleaned of pathogenic bacteria, then dried thoroughly.
Important! Peeled walnut fruit is undesirable to store in plastic bags. Under such conditions, they may become rancid.