Walnut root system
The root system of both walnut and other plants is an integral organ in their life. A strong walnut root system allows the culture to gain a foothold in the soil, taking part in the absorption of moisture saturated with mineral elements. Knowing the characteristics of the roots of walnut (Voloshsky) allows the gardener to choose the right place for planting, as well as to carry out the right agrotechnical actions for the full development of the plant.
Description of the walnut root system
The root system of the culture in question is quite powerful and overall, which allows it to perfectly root. The structure of the underground organ of walnut consists of central and lateral roots. The second act as an anchor, forming reinforcing processes that go deep and wide, as well as shoots, which, on the contrary, stretch upwards.
Central (core) root - “Pulls” moisture saturated with nutrients from the lower layers of the soil. By twenty years of life, he goes deep to 6 m. Side - usually deepen by a maximum of 0.5 m. They act as nutrient conductors from the upper soil layers.
The main parts of the tree: 1 - the vertical root, 2 - the horizontal root, 3 - the root collar, 4 - the stem, 5 - the conductor, 6 - the continuation shoot, 7 - the main skeletal branch, 8 - overgrowing branches
The maximum diameter of the root branches of the walnut tree is 20 m. All this indicates the need for a spacious place to grow a tree. Also important is the lack of neighborhood due to the fact that the tree will take a lot of water and nutrients, which will lead to the death of crops growing close to the nut. Thanks to the powerful and spreading design of the walnut root system of walnut, landslide ground places are perfectly strengthened and also prevent the development of soil erosion.
How walnut roots grow
From the moment the seed of the walnut nut begins to germinate, the germinal root begins to appear and develop. Grain peeling occurs as soon as the “wings” of the dense shell begin to move apart and the root appears outside.
Important! For a good development of the root system of the Voloshsky nut, it is necessary to know the plant's preferences in the choice of soil. The best options for the plant in question will be sandy, loamy, soddy types of soil.
The main root is formed precisely from the sprouted root process, which quickly enough increases in length. In addition, there is an increase in the diameter of the roots, deepening into the soil to obtain the necessary moisture and nutrition for a still young culture. The root is more thickened above, this place is intended for storing nutrient reserves. The main root is in an upright position, going down. And already lateral ones form from it, developing in a horizontal position parallel to the soil surface, and after that they deepen.
The main lateral roots have the following structure:
- semi-skeletal processes;
- small semi-skeletal;
- small side;
The last link in the structure of the lateral roots is thin lobes containing extreme active millimeter root processes that perform an absorbing function. Through these miniature root elements, the plant drinks water and absorbs nutrients..
A special feature of the culture in question is that its seedling simultaneously begins to form the main rod and lateral skeletal roots, which are distinguished by great branching.
Important! Like every fruit tree, the crop in question needs fertilizer, which should be applied with caution, because the root system of the tree does not tolerate loosening, and in the summer they require peace of mind.
Voloshsky nut has the following parameters of the root system in the process of its growth:
- First year planted Voloshsky walnut is characterized in that the main energy for the development of the seedling is concentrated on the root system, which is much larger in size than the stem itself.
- Yearling plant may have a root of more than two meters, subject to the correct choice of soil (soil and subsoil should be with medium and high fertility).
- Biennial plant overtake the size of the barrel (in length) 2 times.
- Three year old walnut can go deep more than 6 meters deep.
- The entire lateral structure of the root system adult walnut 3.5–4 times larger than the crown diameter. And the vertically located roots of the plant deepen by tens of meters.
Vertically directed roots from deep layers of soil produce trace elements and moisture, and vertically directed roots spread the maximum possible soil space. A larger percentage of horizontally located root processes are located at a depth of 90-150 cm from the soil surface.
The cessation of root growth occurs when poor nutrition. It is known that the root system of a tree reaches those soil layers that are saturated with nutrients, and avoid the places of the "poor" on trace elements.
Did you know? In gardening practice, for ennoblement of the Voloshsky tree, there was a forced restraint of the growth of large roots. To do this, in France since the 19th century trees were grown in areas densely laid with tiling. And the seeds of this culture were planted in soil poured on top of tiles.
The study of the root system of the tree of three years, which are grown on a sandy type of soil, that the surface lateral roots were located in the landing pit. This is due to the fact that too much organic matter and mineral fertilizers were introduced into the landing site, and the land of the site itself was not cultivated. therefore roots grow and branch where there were more nutrientsand the main core - performs the function of searching for moisture in the depths of the soil.
Walnut Roots and House Foundation
Walnut is considered a very popular plant among summer residents. Today you can find many summer cottages on which these fruit trees are planted. But it should be noted that experienced gardeners do not plant the culture in question near houses, fences, baths and other buildings for objective reasons.
The plant in question will grow correctly in spacious areas. This need arises for two reasons:
- due to the powerful root system;
- due to the overall spreading crown.
Did you know? Since ancient times, the method of planting the Voloshsky nut in the Crimea was considered a common method «root stone»to redirect the growth of the main skeletal root in the right direction.
Experts recommend planting a culture away from buildings of more than 8 meters. An adult tree is characterized by long lateral roots, which quickly grow in diameter and spread over the underground territory of the plot by more than 20 meters. Therefore, in the absence of free space, the root system will abut the foundation and destroy it.
Thus, the walnut tree is distinguished by its overall structure of the root system, which deepens both in the lower layers of the soil and in width, spreading parallel to the surface of the soil. Such parameters of the root system indicate that it is not recommended to plant a tree near any buildings, so as not to destroy the foundation of the house.