Description and application features of the fungus
Mushrooms are very tasty, useful and nutritious, but the reason why some of them should not be consumed may be such a factor - toxic substances in the fruits. The article will discuss the ruined row and whether it is edible.
Where does mushroom grow and look like?
The fruits of the mushrooms form a leg of cylindrical shape and a hat on it (diameter from 5 to 15 cm). To distinguish a young mushroom from an old one, just look at its top. The convex shape indicates that the fruit is fresh, with a deepening - ripened. The edges of the caps, as a rule, are often turned up and painted brown with a red tint. Sometimes the top of the mushroom has a spotty pattern.
The leg is white and is characterized by high density. It grows in length up to 8 cm, and in thickness - up to 3 cm. The pulp of the fruit has a specific smell, which resembles the smell of stale flour. Smooth, colorless spores are elliptical in shape.
Did you know? Scientists claim that mushrooms are the most diverse living things. There are about 2 million species of this plant, and only 100 thousand have been studied.
The described fungi inhabit acidic soils. This is a ground species. They grow in small groups, while not forming colonies.They are not often found, but with a great desire they can be seen in coniferous or mixed forests, parks, groves and meadows. Active fruiting occurs from September to October.
Edible or not ruined rowing
You can use only certain types of rowing, as among them there are edible and poisonous. The destroyed species has a sufficient level of toxic substances in its fruits, so that after their use to harm the human body. Respectively, there is a row ruined is strictly prohibited. The pulp of the fetus has a bitter taste and an unpleasant odor.
Important! The fungus described can cause poisoning or disruption of the gastrointestinal tract.
There is also an edible rowing (lilopod, gray, purple), which is very useful.
100 g of the product contains 22 kcal, including:
- proteins - 3.09 g;
- fats - 0.34 g;
- carbohydrates - 3.26 g;
- ash - 0.85 g;
- dietary fiber - 1 g;
- water - 91.46 g.
The chemical composition of these edible mushrooms is characterized by a high content of minerals (zinc, potassium, manganese and copper) and B vitamins.
Poisonous rowan varieties contain a little-known toxin that adversely affects human health. In some cases, it can be fatal.. In each type of these fungi, the content of the substance is different. In the ruined row there is a low amount of toxins, but even it can badly affect the body after consuming the product.
Possible harm from the fungus
When picking mushrooms, you must always be very careful. It is better to follow them with an experienced person in these matters.. It is not always easy to distinguish between edible and poisonous mushrooms, and beginners often make such mistakes, as a result of which they can very easily ruin their health and even life. If you accidentally ate the ruined row, the consequences will not take long (after 2-5 hours).
- The first signs may be:
- sharp abdominal pains;
- pressure reduction;
- increased sweating;
- digestion disorder;
- disorientation in space;
- disruption of the cardiovascular system;
- weakness in the body;
Important! Do not self-medicate with such symptoms. As soon as one of them appears after eating mushrooms, it is urgent to call a doctor.
If you feel at least one of the above signs, you must urgently induce an emetic reflex by artificial means and drink plenty of water. As a result of these actions, intoxication should decrease, and toxic substances will cease to enter the bloodstream. Then you should seek qualified help.
Similar species and how to distinguish them
In order to avoid the above consequences from taking poisonous mushrooms, you need to know the difference between rowing killed from other outwardly similar species.
Did you know? Mushrooms are one of the oldest plants on our planet. They existed 400 million years ago and have not fundamentally changed their appearance since those times.
Similar species and their differences:
- Poplar-like rowing. This type of mushroom is suitable for consumption.Fruits prefer to grow under aspens or poplars; they are rarely found in a pine forest. The cap of the topoid-shaped row is more fleshy, it is of a regular round shape. Its color with red-pink spots, which is the main difference from the ruined rowing.
- White brown. It also grows in mixed and coniferous forests. Refers to conditionally edible species. The hat has a convex tubercle colored in red-brown. The white leg closer to the top has a pink tint.
Many types of rowing can become tasty and healthy food, but this is not about ruined, as it must be feared. The main thing is to study well how it looks and know the main differences from edible mushrooms: this way you can protect yourself from big troubles.